FIDO has a proud history of more than a quarter of a century of campaigning achievements to protect one of the greatest natural wonders of the world. FIDOs aim has always been to ensure the wisest use of the natural resources of Fraser Island. FIDO was formed in January, 1971, by voluntary conservationists from Maryborough, Hervey Bay and Bundaberg to oppose sandmining applications by the American Dillingham company and Murphyores on Fraser Island. Murphyores and Queensland Titanium Mines had obtained very extensive mining leases in the early 1960s without any protest, before the voluntary conservation movement had become organised, but there was widespread public opposition to proposals to extend leases and start mining on Fraser Island. Dr. Len Webb almost immediately suggested that the Fraser Island Defence Committee change its name to Organization to produce the acronym and motto FIDO, the Watchdog of Fraser Island. This name inspired leading cartoonist, Stewart MacRae, to present FIDO with its famous bulldog logo. As FIDO grew so did the recognition of Fraser Islands outstanding natural values. FIDO also became recognised internationally as the protector of one of the greatest natural wonders of the world. FIDO prepared the very first management strategy for Fraser Island in 1975. This was revised and developed further in 1978, 1987, 1990 and 1991. FIDOs watchdog role now focuses on the management of the Great Sandy Region. Compatible landuses of well managed and controlled tourism, education and scientific research for the island have been encouraged. FIDO has actively opposed incompatible land uses including sandmining, logging operations, and urban land development. As Fraser Island attracts an increasing visitor numbers over 300,000 annually better management becomes more essential.